Diabetes is an incurable illness that affects close to 10% of the US population. Most people don’t even realize they have this chronic disease.The reason they do not know is that the symptoms are mostly overlooked and the disease is noticed only at a later stage. Normally, people expect some big changes in their body or symptoms like a heart attack, severe pain, or a stroke. But with diabetes, the symptoms are subtle such as like decreased vision and foot soreness. Diabetes if identified in its preliminary stage can be controlled with careful management. The only sure way to know if you have this illness is by testing your blood sugar levels.
The most common issue with diabetics are foot problems associated with numbness or insensitivity in their feet. Any foot injury or discomfort can go unnoticed and lead to bigger problems such as nerve damage or even leg amputation. To deal with such situations, doctors suggest preventive care such as protecting the feet with footwear such as diabetic socks and shoes. Footwear should always be the right size and fit. Otherwise, it will do more harm than good. There are special diabetic socks which are recommended by podiatrists for dealing with such complications. On the other hand, diabetic socks for men and women, such as these, should fit to form. Loose socks can create wrinkles that irritate the feet. Bad socks may also hurt the foot if it is made from rough abrasive material or is just uncomfortable. Besides being made of soft fibers, socks for diabetics should also have the ability to proper vent and dry sweat from the feet.
There are also special shoes as well which provide proper breathing space to the feet and increase blood circulation thus reducing the complications. Doctors suggest wearing a loose shoe that is about half an inch longer than your foot size and there should always be some space between the longest toe and the shoe. This would allow ample breathing space for your feet along with ease of movement. Regarding the width of shoes, it has been found in several cases where narrow shoes cause ventilation problem and therefore, shoes should be purchased according to the comfort of your feet and not just by the standard size of the feet. In general, tight fitting shoes should be avoided.
According to doctors, foot problems can be caused because of following two reasons. Dramatic increase in sugar level in blood can lead to insensitivity or decreased sensitivity which finally culminates in tissue damage. This condition is called Diabetic Neuropathy. Another problem is hardening of blood vessels which is called Diabetic Vasculopathy. This foot complication makes the feet look pale or blue. Proper hygiene should be maintained to keep feet from catching any infection. Though foot infections are generally minor issues but with high blood sugar levels, it becomes a complicated matter to handle. Exercises that increase blood circulation in the foot are advised by doctors thus resulting in healthy feet. Regular exercise also helps in dealing with obesity and Type 2 diabetes. Daily check up of your feet would help you notice any arising complication and would give you time to deal with it. This routine should be supported by maintaining good hygiene and proper selection of footwear such as diabetic socks and shoes.